Stay up to date on the latest in intelligent building solutions, infrastructure, and innovations from Paige Datacom Solutions.
  • Technology News
  • 11.16.2021

There Is a Hole in the Boat: Why Access Control Professionals Need to Move From Wiegand to OSDP

Many of the people reading this publication are, presumably, security professionals who take pride in leveraging their expertise to use technology to protect people and property. A large number likely focus on access control solutions to prevent unauthorized entry into controlled facilities and areas.

As unfortunate as it is to say, statistically speaking, the probability is that many readers are not doing a good enough job. It sounds harsh, but someone must tell the captain when there is a hole in the boat, and when it comes to most access control systems being installed today, the truth is there is a hole in the boat.

Continue reading on the Security Industry Association's Website....

For more information on OSDP Access Control wiring check out our landing page.

Want to see how easy it is to hack a Wiegand Access Control System, check out this video from our YouTube page.

  • Technology News
  • 07.10.2020

Essential Cable Planning for Healthcare Facilities

When COVID-19 emerged, the entire country learned the true meaning of “essential work.”  “Healthcare” instantly rose to the top as the most essential business in the world.  Through this pandemic, it became essential that healthcare facilities have the right medical equipment for treatment, but also a robust communications system.  From real-time telemedicine, medical testing, extensive research and the ability to access universal medical records, the network infrastructure became the fundamental vehicle to transport the data faster and more efficiently than ever before, whether within the confines of one hospital or out to a multitude of facilities worldwide. As a result, the network has become the heartbeat of any healthcare facility. 

Healthcare networks are expanding exponentially to face the challenges of managing diverse information such as patient records and bandwidth intensive scans and virtual diagnostic information.  The amount of data that must be created, transmitted, managed and stored continues to increase dramatically.  In addition, the broad adoption of standards-based electronic health record (EHR) system, which was implemented over a decade ago, created a global health information exchange. The use of this technology for clinical decision support improves patient care and ultimately can lower healthcare costs by facilitating communication, coordination, and collaboration among healthcare providers.  

Many healthcare facilities have been re-evaluating their capability to deliver the technology needed in the healthcare environment today.  Many significant life-changing advancements in patient care, diagnostic and research are supported by both wired and wireless technologies attached to the network infrastructure, which are constantly evolving.

Addressing Healthcare Infrastructure Challenges

System designers, consultants and I.T. managers who have faced the challenges of incorporating all of the growing healthcare applications, attest that there are many differences compared to planning an enterprise network for an office facility.  These differences include a broader scope of applications which lead to increased outlet and device densities with their diverse termination locations, higher bandwidths and in more challenging installation environments.

To aid in the design and installation are two industry cabling standards, TIA-1179-A Healthcare Facility Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard, first published in 2010, revised in 2017; and ANSI/BICSI-004 Information Communication Technology Systems Design and Implementation Best Practices for Healthcare Institutions and Facilities, first published in 2012 and revised in 2018. The TIA standard addresses specific structured cable types for the backbone and horizontal, pathway and telecom room planning and recognizes the difference of outlet densities, depending on the different applications required for the specific facility areas (such as a waiting room versus and operating room). The BICSI standard builds upon the TIA document but hones in on providing guidance on the cabling layouts to address the diverse IP applications and system integration methods.  Some of these applications include clinical and non-clinical IP-based systems such as building automation systems, nurse and code calls, paging, wayfinding, emergency radio, medical imaging, patient monitoring, television and A/V, and security and safety.  

Each healthcare environment is unique and creates its own set of challenges and network priorities.  Some of the major infrastructure concerns when planning network expansion, as addressed in the standards, include:
Protected pathways – separating data cable from other services, such as gasses and liquids that may share the same above-ceiling spaces. In addition, pathways must be firestopped to eliminate the spread of fire as well as protect clean air within the facility.
Bandwidth and data storage – MRI files and other advanced medical imaging files, such as Picture Archiving and Communications Systems (PACS), are bandwidth intensive.  In addition to transmitting these files, networks also need to provide long-range storage which can vary from as little as seven years up to a lifetime, will translate to constant additions of servers and SANs to these facilities.  
Telecom Rooms (TRs) – as more and more IP devices are being added to the network, telecom rooms must be sized by number of applications, not necessarily by the number of users or floor size that it is serving.
Outlet densities – the number of outlets and cables per area will also depend on the amount of applications needed to that workstation area. 

Unique Cabling Solution

Staying on top of the IP application boom in healthcare means revamping and updating the existing infrastructure to meet the application bandwidth demands and device densities.  This includes substantially increasing the cabling runs. In healthcare facilities, the TR should be dependent on the densities of applications on each floor and for each area, which may include custom designs and solutions. 

One of the biggest growth areas is employing wireless for more than just voice and text communications.  Mobile applications allow patients and medical professionals to access medical records and provide online diagnostics, but within the facilities, the healthcare professionals rely on wireless communications for patient monitoring systems (such as physical activity, heart rate and other biometric functions), patient tracking and wayfinding.  More wireless applications require more wiring to the access points or sensors that enable these applications.

The biggest challenges to deploy increased IP applications, includes adding more connectivity to the equipment in the TRs and within the horizontal pathways to service the devices. Many of the older hospitals are struggling to find room for additional TRs and cabling.  And a major roadblock of installing cable on premises are the regulations that apply to infection control requirements (ICR). ICR limits the time allowed for installers to be onsite, as well as requiring the proper equipment such as HEPA carts and protective gear.  

System designers are looking at unique cabling solutions that would limit the installation disturbance by increasing the run lengths from the TR.  One solution is the GameChanger Cable™ which can provide both data and power to many devices that are well beyond that 100-meter limit. Paige’s patented GameChanger cable, which is UL-verified, delivers 1Gb/s Ethernet and PoE+ up to 656 feet (200 meters) and 10Mb/s Ethernet and PoE+ up to 850 feet making it an ideal for cameras, WAPs and other edge devices. This cable eliminates intermediate IDF or telecom enclosure requirements and the need to install repeaters, power supplies and other equipment, which are costly and introduce additional points of failure in the network. 

To meet increasing demands placed upon them, modern healthcare institutions must retool and rebuild.  This includes looking at solutions that fit their environment. There is not a “one-size-fits-all” as each application’s requirement and the location of the device will generate opportunities for creative solutions, such as the GameChanger.

  • Technology News
  • 05.22.2019

But what about Coax?

What about Coax? This question comes up often when we discuss GameChanger cabling for CCTV video distribution. In fact, the comparison between twisted pair cables in general compared to coaxial cables arises with respect to costs, bandwidth, Ethernet over Coax (EoC) devices, MoCA (Multimedia over Coax), replacing older coax solutions, and media selection decisions in general.

Traditionally coax was the media of choice for short and longer haul CCTV video transmissions as it breaks the 100m barrier (like GameChanger) but only at lower bandwidths. Coax traditionally enjoyed a reign as the media of choice for both CCTV and residential cable distributions. The bandwidth that can travel over the coax will depend on the length of the channel, the strength of the signal, etc. Sending just video over coax is probably the easiest transmission. However, today, just video is simply not enough for most enterprises. The need to pass Ethernet traffic is equally as important. 

In order to have Ethernet over Coax, converters and the 100m rule are used. Generally, the coax fits into the long-haul port of the converter/transceiver, and a traditional patch cord is used to connect the transceiver to the end device. These transceiver devices run on average about $250 each for 10/100 and nearing $400 for Gigabit. Although these devices have gigabit ports on them, they do not actually extend a gigabit signal over the coax backbone (see MoCA below). The speed of the transmission decreases with length with the maximum speed generally around 144Mb/s over the coaxial link. One device is needed at the central location and one for each end device.

MoCa can be bonded (multiple channels together) to allow for gigabit transmissions over Coax. For full MoCA to work, one device is needed at the end point of each coax cable with an RJ45 category patch cord connecting the end device. In order to receive a full gigabit signal over MoCA, one needs a bonded 2.0 adapter. These are popular in residential applications where coax has already been distributed. Each MoCA capable adapter requires a power connection to AC power which increases the cost of the channel compared to a PoE link over twisted pairs.

When AC power is required, an AC power point must be installed the cost of which can range from $200-$800 with the average being about $350 for a simple install. Alternatively, an additional power carrying pair on a Siamese Coax/18-2 cable can be used. In this scenario, the termination time is slightly longer due to the fact that both the coax and the 18/2 or power carrying cable must be terminated. Should either side of this cable have a fault, either the entire cable must be replaced, or the failing media side must be replaced and terminated. The additional cable width may be impossible to accommodate in the conduit or pathway provided. The power is limited by the conductor size and code requirements.

A PoE switch can be used for Ethernet and power natively over category twisted pair without additional hardware for 100m configurations. For GameChanger, the distances supported are 850’ for 10Mb/s Ethernet and 656’ (200m) for 1Gb/s without any additional devices. One simply needs the switch supplying power and the device that uses it transmitting Ethernet and PoE over the same cable.

The same is not true for coax communications that need PoE. PoC (Power over Coax) adapters are available, although many varieties are active meaning that they require a power connection. The bandwidth at 200m is still only 100Mb/s as opposed to Gigabit with GameChanger. But more notable is the power limitations with many of these devices.

GameChanger can fully support all classes/types of PoE over the full 200m. This makes features like PTZ (pan, tilt, and zoom) available to the end device without having to include an AC power point at the end of the channel or additional transceivers in the channel. For PoE voltage loss charts, click here. The charts show full support for all types and classes of PoE using GameChanger.

For a dollar and cents comparison based on MSRP at 850’ and 656’ contrasting the cost of the coax, transceivers and installed AC power connections the GameChanger is less expensive on a job than the equivalent coax with adapters and AC connections. The GameChanger cable is slightly more expensive, but the overall complexity, risk, and points of failure are reduced to endpoints as opposed to every 100m (328’) with Ethernet over Coax.


Extenders and AC Power
Extenders Only
GameChanger w/ PoE+
10Mb/s 850’ (259m)$1,336.45$586.45$429.00
Gb/s 656’ (200m)$1,731.71$981.17$328.00

We acknowledge that there is a wide variety of adapters, pricing, and quality. Likewise, there are distance limits based upon the switch launch power and wire gauge configurations. The numbers above are based on the average price of equipment, $250 per AC power outlet, and average transceiver prices as available at the time of writing.

  • Technology News
  • 01.10.2019

Testing RFC 2544 and GameChanger

The document identifying the test parameters from IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) is designed to stop what they call “specmanship” from vendors to give themselves a better position in the marketplace, as they feel this practice often involves smoke and mirrors to confuse the potential users of a product. The tests are available for vendors to use and will provide users with test results in an apples to apples (device to device) fashion in a comparable comparison format. In this case, the DUT (Devices Under Test) are a pair of Viavi TBERG 5800 testers. The media over which the tests are run is the GameChanger cable. Connections are made from transmit of one device to receive on the other.

In the testing scenario, the DUT (Device Under Test) is connected to send and receive ports on a tester. Send of the DUT is connected to the receive on the tester and the receive on the DUT is connected to the send port of the tester. The idea if the tests is to determine frame loss over the transmission, latency and other parameters. This test differs from some of the other Ethernet tests in that it can be used both on the Local Area Network and over carrier Ethernet WAN links. This allows testing of a variety of equipment which can be placed inline between testers and can certify the performance for extended demarcations and other latency sensitive equipment. The question of testing arrised over just such a query where additional devices made it very difficult to determine where the slowdown occurred and which equipment was at fault.

The tests performed are done so with a variety of frame sizes, or at the least, the minimum and maximum frame sizes that are used in the protocol under test on the media under test and enough in between sizes to get a full characterization. The recommendation from the IETF is that at least 5 frame sizes be used. For Ethernet, the recommended frame sizes are 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 1280 and 1518 bits. Frames such as keep alive frames and routing update frames should be discarded in the test.

The Viavi testers offer complete TIA 568 and ISO 11801 copper and fiber certification along with the RFC testing mentioned. This adds Viavi to our list of test manufacturers that can test and certify GameChanger cable prior to the active equipment being added to the channel. This also means that the cables can be tested as part of extended demarcations and other latency sensitive uses prior to devices being added. The problems with introducing electronics, repeaters and other inline devices are risk, complexity, security, and in fact, these risks are so great that in some secure environment, they simply aren’t allowed. This means that additional IDFs/telecommunications areas must be defined and deployed at a far heftier price tag than a simple length optimized cable will cost in a deployment.

To view the test results, click here. For more information on GameChanger cable and other Paige DataCom products, please visit our webpage or contact your local Paige representative.

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  • Technology News
  • 06.04.2018

Lengthonomics at 1006' with no repeaters. Yes, really!

As more and more companies are learning the value (and savings) of lengthonomics, Code Blue has mastered the savings with GameChanger and their CB 5-s unit, and VoiP phones. With 802.3af PoE (Power over Ethernet) the channel distance achieved was the full 1000' reel plus 3' patch cables at each end for an overall channel length of 1006'. Code Blue is a manufacturer of security devices including incident response, emergency signaling, help points, and systems management all in an open format enhancing interoperability with other systems. The CB 5-s is an economical pedestal Help Point highlighted by a high intensity LED beacon/strobe light that provides exceptional visibility and acts as a deterrent to potential crime. This blue light emergency tower provides direct communication with first responders and can extend security efforts to walkways, parking lots, open campus areas and more. According to the Code Blue Tech team,

"We hooked it all up and used our CB 5-s unit with your cable and it works great. Overall distance is 1006' connected to a 802.3af switch. The cable runs into a PoE splitter in our unit. The splitter then is powering our blue light, our faceplate light, and our IP5000 speakerphone. This is a nice product."

Adding GameChanger to a CodeBlue install provides significant savings over having to install IDFs or harsh environment-friendly power sources every 100m as the GameChanger channels in this application supports 3x the standard distance with these CodeBlue devices. With a variety of products that operate in building perimeter and outside locations like parking lots, having a cable that can carry the signal to farther locations is particularly attractive for more than just economic reasons. Any time you eliminate an intermediate point of failure, you decrease the risk of a device going down or being tampered with by those that would benefit from it going down. With security applications, this is intrinsically desired and allows installers to provide savings to their customers for more competitive bids.

To understand more about the CodeBlue portfolio of products, a short description of their main product lines follow. Help points provide a means for the public to access emergency services in places like parking lots, walkways, public retail areas, parks, etc. These points can be either an intercom, phone, hot button, or some combination as they are highly customizable for mounting, camera integrations, and other options. CodeBlue's Emergency signaling is more than just an intercom as the solutions are full duplex allowing first responders to interact with those generating the signal or within a building and the devices interact with objects such as triggering flashing lights, opening AED doors and integrating with access control devices and can be equipped with bezels, buttons, keypads and have a variety of mounting options in a variety of sizes. All of these are supported by a system interface solution that also acts as a gateway between analog and VoiP and can interface with incidence response systems.

To learn more about Paige's two-time award winning GameChanger cable, part of our complete line of intelligent building and data center products, visit, or contact your friendly Paige sales person. More information on the awards (CI&M Platinum Innovators Award and ISC West, Best in Video Surveillance Accessories) can be found on our blog.

About Code Blue Corporation: Safety has always been the No. 1 priority for Code Blue Corporation ( Located in Holland, Michigan, the industry pioneering manufacturer of emergency communication solutions provides assistance to people by handcrafting products that are reliable and accessible. From our iconic blue light phone pedestals to our award-winning software, we help people feel safe by offering durable and visible security solutions that provide help at the touch of a button, while assisting first responders before, during and after an incident with a complete end-to-end system that utilizes alerting, managing, archiving and responding technology.

  • Technology News
  • 05.08.2018


Lengthonomics and the Benefits of Reach

Top of rack switching brought about shorter length system interconnect cables to connect servers in the same rack to a switch in the same rack or an adjacent rack. The arguments for short reach cables stemmed primarily as an avoidance to blobs of structured cabling that were caused by data centers that grew out of need rather than planning, insufficient room for larger diameter category 6A cables in pathways and cabinets, and poor change management. At the time, moving to fiber in pathways and copper in cabinets seemed to make perfect sense. However, this was not true in all cases.

While hyperscale data centers and data centers that can support higher kW per cabinet can make use of all the switch ports in a cabinet, data centers at lower densities can’t. So those lower density data centers began using longer reach cables and connecting other adjacent cabinets, or in some cases Active Optical Cables (AOC) to reach end of row cabinets and those elsewhere in the data center taking advantage of the “lengthonomics” of longer cables which open up switch ports to a greater number of servers in a more cabinets than a short reach cable allows. However, stringing longer cables without proper pathway planning can lead to a mess of cables which is exactly what the short reach cables were supposed to stop.

A Blast from the Past

Data Centers used to have main (central) distribution areas for networking much as they still do for storage arrays. Today you see a mix of solutions in most data centers. The tide in many data centers is shifting back to more centralized solutions as budget savvy employees pay attention to the benefits of reach. This is also true for fiber in the riser systems of intelligent buildings and even for extended reach structured copper products (like the GameChanger). Longer lengths of cable allow you to purchase fewer pieces of intermediate electronics and eliminate the need for intermediate areas requiring power and equipment. That is "lengthonomics."

So how does one determine the lengthonomics of any cable run? It is important to take into account the entire communications channel inclusive of all active equipment contained within the channel. In addition to the equipment included, risk factors should be part of the decision as the more equipment you have, the more potential points of failure exist. The total power consumption of all active equipment is another factor in the equation.

Fiber Lengthonomics

For fiber applications, multimode fiber has had an advantage due to the lower cost of the electronics. So, from point A to point B inclusive of the electronics, the channels were significantly less expensive. When examining newer fiber over increasingly higher speeds, there is a diminishing advantage for mulitmode fiber. Hyperscale data centers consume a lot of single mode electronics which has driven down the price of single mode electronics from what used to be a cost factor of about 10x their multimode counterparts to now roughly 2-3 times that cost. This alone is driving more backbones and data centers to single mode.

There are other benefits of a single mode infrastructures in that there are only two strands to worry about. Single mode supports all applications (SAN, WAN, backbone, networking) over two strands so there is no need have a mixed infrastructure where singlemode has only the longer connections and multimode in its various iterations supporting shorter lengths. Large core switches can server a greater area eliminating intermediate switches and points of failure. The costs of those switches is slightly higher, but the power consumption of a core switch can be significantly less than a core switch with multiple edge switches. Two strands take a lot less room in pathways than multiple strands. The fiber is less expensive. And longevity is a very persuasive economic factor.

Multimode fiber has had several iterations from OM1 to now OM5. With higher speeds, there are multiple strands to contend with making polarity more difficult to manage. And each iteration that is installed and removed and replaced carries 3x the labor burden of one OS1/OS2 channel that has survived all multimode iterations. In fact, even with the prior higher costs for electronics over the years, in hindsight singlemode may have been the more economically responsible solution after taking into account electronics and cable replacements.

Copper Lengthonomics

For copper data center applications, the same calculations should be made. Within lower density data centers, it may be more cost-effective to use end of row equipment than top of rack to take advantage of the extended distance that a longer reach cable can provide, so that fewer switches are needed. In fact, the Communication Cabling and Connectivity Association published a paper outlining these considerations. Proper planning can provide economic advantages with cabling zones that maximize use of ports in electronics lower power. In some data centers, a combination of short reach cables for higher density areas may compliment end of row zones for lower density areas.

Building Lengthonomics

For intelligent building applications, lengthonomics also are apropos. Every time you have to add an IDF, repeater, transceiver or other means to go to an extended distance, you must consider the risk factors, additional costs (CAPEX and OPEX), and additional security requirements. Longer SMF runs may decrease equipment needs. For copper, GameChanger can fully support Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) 656’ with PoE+ support removing many of the risk factors for WAPs and other devices that fall just outside of the 100m mark.

Likewise, other access control and security devices that have traditionally operated over higher gauge solid wire do not translate well into twisted pair channels and in some cases violate codes depending on the type of signals that traverse the cables. Again, length matters and can provide a savings.

In summation, very little with regards to copper and fiber cabling should be an afterthought. There is significant savings to be had by taking advantage of reach. Risk and avoiding additional points of risk should always be considerations and that old adage “KISS” Keep it Simple Silly still rings true. Install once; use a long time, and reap the rewards. For further information and ways to calculate your lengthonimics consult your friendly Paige salesperson.

  • Technology News
  • 03.22.2018

State of the Data Center - Tides are Shifting

Full credit for one survey goes to AFCOM and Data Center Institute. A link to their site can be found at and from there, you can learn more about the exciting work the Data Center Institute is doing in support of vendor-neutral trends in the industry. The topics below are based partly on this study and also other available studies in the industry.

Surprise 1 - the majority of respondents in the AFCOM/DCI survey said that they will be adding capacity to their own data centers. This is a far cry from "everyone is going colo." While colos play an integral part in the data center space, they have gotten the lion's share of attention as THE place to house company data. The truth remains that many enterprises use a hybrid model, of some in-house, some colo and some cloud facilities. The new tax laws set to take place in 2019 may have an impact on colos as the OPEX benefit is no longer the attraction it used to be. In short, the full amount of the lease must now be shown on a company's balance sheet. No ramp up periods are allowed. The government accounting office estimates 3 trillion in undisclosed debt due to the way the reporting happens today. This alone may drive more attention to enterprise-owned data centers as on-prem data centers also realize depreciation offsets that are not available when someone else (the colo) owns the equipment.

Surprise 2 - DCIM is not getting the traction that some folks would have expected and some folks predicted. Across the board, when one examines the predictions, barriers to adoption and other market indicators, DCIM is not always the answer. A few things stand out in the barrier to adoption category. One, there isn't a quick and painless solution for implementing DCIM. Even if a company has full documentation of their data center, in most cases, that work will have to be redone in the DCIM package. In large data centers, this is a significant amount of time. Barrier 2 lies in the fact that some DCIM packages are far to complex for the needs of the DC. Suppose a company went down the route of managed power long ago, their DCIM needs will be different than a company with no start. Barrier 3 lies in the fact that most colocation facilities have this monitoring themselves, and it is therefore not needed across an individual company's space. Barrier 4 lies in software-defined technologies that put resources in "virtual" locations, so the need to manage at the cabinet level turns to tasks that are for implementation and decommissioning only, as the assets themselves don't move any-more.
Surprise 3 - Cloud isn't the end all be all that people expect. Personally, I believe that this lies in part to the fact that end users have had mixed luck with cloud services, most importantly personal email accounts. When the cloud providers give the same experience to the individual that they do for companies, then public cloud applications will receive a better reception. Another barrier to full public cloud adoption is security. Quite frankly, every company has some "secret sauce" or other information that they would never place in a public cloud where they had to relinquish control of security. Hybrid cloud platforms are here to stay.

Not a Surprise 4 - There is a critical shortage of IT personnel, and this trend is not getting better. There is also an inequality of women in IT proportionate to men, and even more of a divide at the top. I have spoken on several panels of women in the industry. The greatest advocates seem to be fathers. But no clear solution has ever emerged as "the" solution. We need to attract talent at a far younger age. High school and college are not the right time to foster an interest STEM or STEAM careers. Further, trade schools fell out of favor, and as such, many of the two-year programs went by the wayside with it. There are many organizations that are beginning to have data centers as career paths, buts they are few and far between. Certifications are one way to launch a career in IT or data centers, but companies need to begin to recognize and hire those without 4 year or master's degrees into their IT departments for these to be effective. We are certainly missing out on some highly technical and able people as their resumes get passed over for not meeting an education requirement because they were busy working instead of being in school.

Not a Surprise 5 - Consolidation is a continuing trend in IT. It seems that every 5 years or so, we go from a myriad of options to a few. That trend will continue and new companies will continue to sprout around new technologies and solutions to everyday problems. Our hats off to everyone that contributes to the industry in all capacities. The tools we have available today to support our data needs are vast! We look forward to seeing where things go next year!

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